Livelihoods And Peace-Building
In August 2012, Integrity won the commission to assist Pact in understanding whether increased programming in livelihoods would support the organisation’s peace building objectives. Our approach was to explore the influences and causal relations between conflict, livelihoods and peace building, rather than strictly positioning peace building within a livelihoods framework or vice versa.
Tristan Salmon and Lydia Stone lead a team of 12, along with our local M&E Officer Mike Salla, in the research. A pilot study and field research was conducted in four locations in Upper Nile State: Malakal, Kodok, Nasir and Baliet. Research data was collected by a team of nine consultants and researchers who conducted 373 field interviews, 18 focus groups and 59 key informant interviews. Field data was inputted by the National Bureau of Statistics and analysed by Integrity researchers. Field interviews used a 10 page questionnaire with a mix of coded and open questions covering ethno-graphic and social information, details of livelihoods, remittances, experience of conflict, effects of conflict and attitudes towards cattle raiding/rustling and other conflict drivers.